Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners


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To stay competitive, Boeing made a late and costly decision to redesign and enlarge the 's wing to help increase range and payload. The new version was numbered Pan Am was the first airline to operate the ; the carrier inaugurated service with a christening at National Airport on October 17, , attended by President Eisenhower , followed by a transatlantic flight for VIPs personal guests of founder Juan Trippe from Baltimore's Friendship International Airport to Paris.

In December, National Airlines operated the first U. TWA started domestic flights in March and Continental Airlines started flights in June; airlines that had ordered only the DC-8, such as United , Delta , and Eastern , were left without jets until September and lost market share on transcontinental flights. Qantas was the first non-US airline to use the s, starting in The quickly became the most popular jetliner of its time.

Its popularity led to rapid developments in airport terminals, runways, airline catering, baggage handling, reservations systems, and other air transport infrastructure. The advent of the also led to the upgrading of air traffic control systems to prevent interference with military jet operations. As the s drew to a close, the exponential growth in air travel led to the being a victim of its own success.

The was now too small to handle the increased passenger densities on the routes for which it was designed. Stretching the fuselage was not a viable option because the installation of larger, more powerful engines would, in turn, need a larger undercarriage, which was not feasible given the design's limited ground clearance. Boeing's answer to the problem was the first twin-aisle airliner—the Boeing The 's first-generation engine technology was also rapidly becoming obsolete in the areas of noise and fuel economy, especially after the oil crisis.

In , during the Falklands War , the Argentine Air Force extensively used s for long-range maritime patrol , with some of them being intercepted and shepherded away by Royal Navy Sea Harriers , [23] it also led to the conversion of British Nimrods to carry Sidewinder air-to-air missiles after a casual encounter.

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Trans World Airlines flew the last scheduled flight for passengers by a US carrier on October 30, , [24] although s remained in scheduled service by airlines from other nations for much longer. Middle East Airlines of Lebanon flew s and s in front-line passenger service until the end of the s. Operations of the were threatened by the enactment of international noise regulations in By the late s, Boeing s had been equipped with the Quiet package.

Boeing acknowledged that more s were in service then than before the hush kit was available.

Airliner Tech 09 - Boeing 377 Stratocruiser.pdf

Although certified as Series s, s, s, etc. The was the original designation for what ultimately became the Boeing Launch customer United Air Lines was a Douglas DC-8 customer and preferred not to be seen as buying the competing , hence the designation. American Airlines always referred to its s as s. The was the first production variant, with a longer, wider fuselage, and greater wingspan than the Dash The cabin had a full set of rectangular windows and could seat up to passengers. Major orders were the launch order for 20 aircraft by Pan Am and an American Airlines order for 30 aircraft.

It was a variant for Qantas, thus had its customer number Five of these were produced, but only four were ultimately delivered, with one being lost during a test flight. All were for Braniff International Airways and carried the model number ; the first entered service in December This version was made obsolete by the arrival of the turbofan-powered B. The wing modifications included outboard and inboard inserts, as well as a kink in the trailing edge to add area inboard.

Its first flight was on January 11, ; 69 turbojet s were delivered through January , the first passengers being carried by Pan Am in August BOAC 's controversial order was announced six months later, but the British carrier got the first service-ready aircraft off the production line. The British Air Registration Board refused to give the aircraft a certificate of airworthiness, citing insufficient lateral control, excessive rudder forces, and the ability to over-rotate on takeoff, stalling the wing on the ground a fault of the de Havilland Comet 1.

These modifications except to the fin under the tail became standard on all variants and were retrofitted to all earlier s.


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The B had the application of the JT3D turbofan to the Intercontinental, but with aerodynamic refinements. First service was June , with Pan Am. These reduced takeoff and landing speeds and altered the lift distribution of the wing, allowing the ventral fin found on earlier s to be deleted. These were often identified as BA-H.

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The C has a convertible passenger—freight configuration, which became the most widely produced variant of the The wing was fitted with three-section leading-edge flaps which allowed the deletion of the underfin. The addition of two additional emergency exits, one on either side aft of the wing raised the maximum passenger capacity to a theoretical Only a few aircraft were delivered as pure freighters.

One of the final orders was by the Iranian Government for 14 J9C aircraft capable of VIP transportation, communication, and in-flight refuelling tasks. The was a test aircraft used to study the feasibility of using CFM International CFM56 engines on a airframe and possibly retrofitting existing aircraft with the engine.

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After testing in , NQT , the last commercial airframe, was restored to C configuration and delivered to the Moroccan Air Force as a tanker aircraft via a "civilian" order. Boeing abandoned the retrofit program, since it felt it would be a threat to the Boeing program. So, more DC-8s than s are in service now. The was a proposed domestic range-stretched variant of the B. The was to carry around passengers while retaining several aspects of the B. It would have been delivered around and would have also been Boeing's answer to the stretched Douglas DC-8 Series Rather than spend money on upgrading the , engineer Joe Sutter stated the company "decided spending money on the wasn't worth it".

The project was cancelled in in favor of the newer Boeing The was a proposed intercontinental stretched variant of the B. Two variations were proposed, the model and the model. Like the , the was also set to compete with the stretched DC-8s. The was also cancelled in in favor of the The militaries of the US and other countries have used the civilian aircraft in a variety of roles, and under different designations.

The and U. Air Force's KC were developed in parallel from the Boeing —80 prototype. These models were in operational use from to Boeing was the company designation for C Stratolifter and KC Stratotanker derivatives of the Boeing's customer codes used to identify specific options and livery specified by customers was started with the , and has been maintained through all Boeing's models.

In essence the same system as used on the earlier Boeing , the code consisted of two digits affixed to the model number to identify the specific aircraft version.

Pan American Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Promo Film - 1950

For example, Pan American World Airways was assigned code "21". Thus, a B sold to Pan Am had the model number B. The number remained constant as further aircraft were purchased; thus, when Pan American purchased the , it had the model number The is no longer operated by major airlines. A total of 10 aircraft were in commercial service with Saha Airlines three , Hewa Bora Airways two , and operators with one aircraft as of July Boeing [39].

As of September , the has been in a total of major aviation occurrences and, hull-loss occurrences [40] with 3, fatalities.

Sources: [30] [57] [58] [59]. The aircraft has had major roles in the Airport and Airplane films, and has been alluded to in both television and theatrical movies. In , the American television series Pan Am took place in the early and mids and featured interior sets and exterior CGI representations of the on the ground and in flight; it was Pan Am's frontline airliner during that time.

The episode " The Odyssey of Flight 33 " of television series The Twilight Zone takes place on a Boeing with the aircraft traveling through various periods of history. Main article: Boeing Boeing B cockpit.

butpanarve.tk Early production Boeing — of Sabena in April with the original short tail-fin and no ventral fin. Four-wheel landing-gear bogies on a — Olympic Airways Boeing in Saha Airlines landing at Tehran-Mehrabad in Saha Airlines was the last commercial operator of the Turkish Airlines B in See also: List of Boeing operators. Main article: List of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing Main article: Aircraft in fiction; Boeing Retrieved December 27, Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

Retrieved December 10, Quote: "The Boeing , the airliner which introduced jet travel on a large scale. Quote: "The USA's first jetliner, the was at the forefront of jet travel revolution Washington D. Retrieved January 11, ISBN Airliner Cafe. Retrieved 17 February Archived November 16, , at the Wayback Machine. Ghosts of DC. Retrieved March 1, London: Rutelage, Retrieved April 1, The Boeing Company, May Retrieved October 12, Flight International.


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March 25, Retrieved December 12, Boeing Widebodies. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Zenith Press. June 3, Flightglobal Insight , August 16—22, FAA Registry. Retrieved Retrieved October 11, The B had the application of the JT3D turbofan to the Intercontinental, but with aerodynamic refinements. The wing was modified from the by adding a second inboard kink, a dog-toothed leading edge, and curved low-drag wingtips instead of the earlier blunt ones. The B aircraft were all new-build; no original models were converted to fan engines in civilian use.

First service was June , with Pan Am. The B Advanced is an improved version of the B, adding the three-section leading-edge flaps already seen on the C. These reduced takeoff and landing speeds and altered the lift distribution of the wing, allowing the ventral fin found on earlier s to be deleted. These were often identified as BA-H. The C has a convertible passenger—freight configuration, which became the most widely produced variant of the The C added a strengthened floor and a new cargo door to the B model.

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The wing was fitted with three-section leading-edge flaps which allowed the deletion of the underfin. Most Cs were delivered as passenger aircraft with airlines hoping the cargo door would increase second-hand values. The addition of two additional emergency exits, one on either side aft of the wing raised the maximum passenger limit to Only a few aircraft were delivered as pure freighters. One of the final orders was by the Iranian Government for 14 J9C aircraft capable of VIP transportation, communication, and in-flight refueling tasks.

The was a test aircraft used to study the feasibility of using CFM International CFM56 engines on a airframe and possibly retrofitting existing aircraft with the engine. After testing in , NQT , the last commercial airframe, was restored to C configuration and delivered to the Moroccan Air Force as a tanker aircraft via a "civilian" order. Boeing abandoned the retrofit program, since it felt it would be a threat to the Boeing program.

So, more DC-8s than s are in service now.

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The was a proposed domestic range-stretched variant of the B. The was to carry around passengers while retaining several aspects of the B. It would have been delivered around and would have also been Boeing's answer to the stretched Douglas DC-8 Series Rather than spend money on upgrading the , engineer Joe Sutter stated the company "decided spending money on the wasn't worth it". The project was cancelled in in favor of the newer Boeing The was a proposed intercontinental stretched variant of the B.

Two variations were proposed, the model and the model. Like the , the was also set to compete with the stretched DC Super Series models. The was also cancelled in in favor of the The militaries of the US and other countries have used the civilian aircraft in a variety of roles, and under different designations. The and U.

Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners
Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners
Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners
Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners
Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners
Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners Aviation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Airlife S Classic Airliners

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