Itspseudobulbscan grow to a length of 2. Orchid Plants can develop into gigantic clusters weighing from several hundred kilograms to one ton. Each orchid flower is bilateral symmetric, which means that it can be divided in two equal parts. Size, shape and texture of leaves depend on the habitat. Orchids that live in dry climate have thick leaves covered with wax, while species that live in warm and humid areas have thin, elongated leaves.
Certain species of orchids do not have leaves at all. Orchids do not have usual roots. They have rhizome, tuber or aerial roots. Orchids can live on the ground terrestrial forms , attached to woody plants epiphytic types or under the ground. Certain species of orchids are parasitic. They are not able to produce food sugar using the sunlight and carbon dioxide like other plants.
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Instead, they obtain food from fungi that live inside their roots. Bond between orchids and certain species of insects is tight and highly specialized. Petals have similar shape and color like female insects to attract males and ensure pollination. When a male bee approaches the flower to mate, it becomes covered in pollen and is sent off to pollinate the next orchid it visits.
Due to high specialization of pollination, extinction of insect means extinction of orchid there is no one else who can pollinate it in the wild. Flower of orchid can survive from few hours to 6 months, depending on the species. Orchids produce several millions of miniature seeds. Only few seeds will develop into mature plant. Germination can last from couple of weeks to 15 years.
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People use orchids for numerous purposes. Orchids are a wonderful plant to gift to your loved ones but let's be honest, they have a reputation for being difficult to keep alive. In fact, with a little know how, you'll find that orchids are surprisingly easy to care for and it is entirely possible to keep an orchid living for years.
Follow our step-by-step orchid care guide to help keep orchids thriving. Orchid Watering Myth Although orchids are commonly found growing wild in tropical rainforests, they do not need heavy watering. In fact, the most common way people harm an orchid is by over watering. When it comes to watering an orchid, the golden rule is to ensure the plant is not constantly sitting in water so that it causes the roots to rot.
Here are three ways you can water an orchid plant Most orchids will live in a clear container with a potting medium such as soil and bark. This will then sit inside a holding pot like the one pictured. Using distilled or recently boiled and cooled tap water, fill the clear orchid pot and holding pot so that the orchid roots are fully submerged. Do not fill above this point - fill just under the crown of the orchid and leave the orchid to soak After minutes remove the orchid from the water and allow it to drain for 5 minutes.
Pour the remaining water out of your holding pot. Once the orchid has drained away the excess water, pop it back inside the holding pot and return it to its home. How often? Depending on where the orchid is placed and the time of year, submerge it once a week.
Yes, that's right. Well using ice cubes will Depending on the season and where the orchid is kept, pop one cube twice a week on top of the potting medium underneath the leaves. Be mindful to ensure no water is left standing in the pot and if possible, remove any excess water if you notice any water pooling on the orchid. You can also tell that there is too much water if the pot has become very heavy and sloshes when you tilt it.
If submerging or ice cubing isn't your thing or if the orchid can't be removed from its pot, you can try the pouring method. Simple pouring is still fine to water orchids. If the orchid cannot be removed from its larger pot, be mindful that it may not have any drainage holes. In this case, water sparingly as orchids will suffer when they are standing in pooled water. Also, make sure the water is not poured directly onto the plant and is poured into the roots underneath the leaves at the base.
Avoid getting water into the crevices of the leaves. If this happens, grab a towel and dab any excess moisture away to prevent rot. How Often? Here's a guide for 4 of the most popular varieties available to buy in the UK:. Vanda Orchid. Phalaenopsis Orchid. Vanda orchids require a great deal of water.
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Keep them moist at all times but avoid over-watering. Phalaenopsis orchids generally require brief dry periods between every watering. Cymbidium Orchid. Dendrobium Orchid. Cymbidium orchids need their soil to be evenly moist at all times.
Be careful to ensure the soil is not soggy or wet. Dendrobium orchids require evenly moist soil during growth but also need a brief dry period between watering when it is not growing. Keep in mind that long summer days may require you to water the orchid more and short winter days will require less watering.
Here's how to tell if the orchid needs water Another easy way to judge if the orchid needs watering is to use your finger to poke deep into the pot: If the mix is wet or damp - don't water it If the mix is dry - water it. Rule 2 - Humidity and Orchids.
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Humidity is important as it recreates the conditions of an orchid's natural habitat, which of course helps them thrive. There are multiple ways of creating ideal humidity for your plant but by far the easiest method for indoor orchids is to mist them regularly.
How to Grow Orchids
What is Misting? Misting is simply spraying an orchid regularly with a fine mist spray bottle. Spray the orchid leaves and any aerial roots up to two times a day depending on the plant's location in your home. This may sound like a lot but water very quickly evaporates.
see url Do a finger test if you're worried about overwatering. Avoid plain Tap Water If possible, use distilled or water boiled in the kettle and cooled for your mist bottle.
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