The first three chapters of the book concern the theoretical and methodological frame- work of Europeanization and the models of capitalism. The two theories serve different purposes. Europeanization explains the exogenous pressures of the EU towards Greece for reform; the models of capitalism analyse the particularities of the domestic level as far as the political system, the economy and the welfare state are concerned. At the same time, Europeanization allows for the categorization of Greece and thus of its comparison with other countries, in the Mediterranean model of a mixed market economy.
The central argument of the book is that the European commitments of Greece have formulated the national agenda of reforms in relation to their content and prioritization. Nevertheless, this cannot guarantee the implementation of the reforms. Internal conflicts within gov- ernments and competitive interests weaken reforms and as a result the final outcome remains feeble.
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Various governments have introduced different strategies and have recruited independent experts. Nevertheless, statism persists and because intergenerational interests are not represented the reform is downrated.
The Europeanization of Cyprus: Polity, Policies and Politics
The second case study presents a slightly better picture in relation to the reform of the labour market, where there is agreement between the two bigger political parties that there is a need to increase the flexibility of the labour market. In this reform the obstacles were similar because the governments did not manage to sustain their internal coherence, and thus lost their credibility.
The third case study is the most current and concerns the restructuring of Olympic Airways OA. The European pressure in this case is initiated by the EU competition policy and the preference of the European Commission, which was clearly that of privatization of the OA. All governments attempted to find reform solutions for OA but the pressure posed by the company and its organized interests, as well as the inflexible position of the Commission, led until recently to inertia.
The conclusions of the book are gloomy. The challenges that Greece is facing are many, but not necessarily different to those of the other member states. Books like this facilitate the identification of the problem, allow comparisons, and may inspire solutions. Turning to the second book on the Europeanization of Cyprus by Sepos, we encounter a different type of analysis. Sepos discusses the Europeanization framework and, exclu- sively, how it has affected the polity, policies and politics of Cyprus.
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The book proceeds by assessing the impact of the EU upon the executive, legislative and judicial authorities polity , political parties and public opinion politics and economy, agricultural, regional, foreign and justice and home affairs policies policies of the island. It distinguishes between rationalist external incentive mechanisms for example, the aquis communautaire and constructivist social learning mechanisms for example, capacity building initiatives.
Brief chapters about the policy, politics and policies of the island discuss a variety of examples of rationalist, constructivist and dual rationalist- constructivist mechanisms as well as of processes of downloading and uploading. An evaluation of either the most important mechanisms or the most common process of Europeanization is lacking.
Such an analysis could offer interesting comparative material. The same weakness can be observed concerning the appraisal of the territorial and temporal dimensions of Cyprus and how each of them has affected the Europeanization of this new member state. Public Administration Vol. The book by Sepos can best be described as an overview of the Europeanization of Cyprus and it is significant since it constitutes the first book on this topic.
It can thus serve to initiate a debate and further contributions and comparisons should follow. I hold a Ph. Kenneth Dyson Which Europe?
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The latter, which was funded by the British Academy and brought together the countributions of 24 authoritative scholars in their fields of study, was selected in to be republished as a paperback to commemorate the 10th Anniversary of the Palgrave Studies in EU Politics Series. I have received a significant number of research awards, fellowships and grants, have acted as a referee to numerous book publishers and scientific journals, and have commented in print and radio media.
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Overall, my published work has received over scholarly citations and one of my articles i. For more info and access to my work, see my academia and google scholar profiles below:.
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